The Chandrayaan 2 mission to land an Indian lander and rover on the moon’s surface has been spectacularly successful launch since its launch on 22 july As of 6 September, the spacecraft’s landing module (a composite of the lunar lander Vikram, and rover Pragyan) separated and entered independent orbits around the moon.
Date and time of Chandrayaan 2 landing
Date: 7 September 2019
Time: 1:55 am IST
The region where the lander Vikram is heading on the moon that is little explored till date most lunar landings have taken place in the northern hemisphere or in the equatorial region. An older mission by China landed in the northernmost part, followed by Russia’s Luna missions. Most of the American lunar landings, including Apollo missions, were in the moon’s equatorial region. China currently has a rover on the dark side of the moon. The success of the Chandrayaan 2 mission will make India the fourth country after the US, Russia and China to pull off a soft landing on the moon.
The lander Vikram and rover Pragyan’s lifespan is 14 days. After that there will be another 14 days of darkness on the area of the moon where they are, and the temperature could dip to minus 170 degree Celsius. The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter’s lifespan is estimated at one year, but it may keep working longer. ISRO says other nations are also investing resources to reach the moon’s south pole. The moon’s craters in the south pole have been untouched by sunlight for billions of years – offering an undisturbed record of the solar system’s origins. Its permanently shadowed craters are estimated to hold nearly 100 million tons of water.
The Chandrayaan 2 lifted off from its launch pad at Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota on July 23 on board the giant heavy-lift rocket GSLV Mark 3. India’s space scientists had a narrow one-minute window for their second attempt at launching the moon mission, a week after the mission was aborted 56 minutes before lift-off. The GSLV Mark 3 – ISRO’s largest and most powerful rocket – is 44 metres long or as tall as a 15-storey building.