outcropping ˈau̇t-ˌkrä-piŋ noun
: the part of a rock formation that appears above the surface of the surrounding land
The word outcropping has appeared in 24 articles on NYTimes.com in the past year, including on June 29 in “Swimming With the Sea Lions of Los Islotes” by Benjamin Lowy:
At the northern tip of the chain, just beyond Isla Partida, is a small craggy outcrop — roughly a quarter mile long — called Los Islotes, or Isla Lobos. Here, where few people have access, lives a large colony of sea lions.
… Swimming around the circumference of Los Islotes is possible, though the water in some areas is quite shallow, and access is often restricted by tour guides. Young adolescent sea lions can be seen playing in the surf and sunbathing on rocks. The bark of dominant males echoes above and below the water as they patrol the sea for threats to the colony and to their rule. Above the water, the animals populate every rocky outcropping, lying prostrate in the sun.